Inventory of Estate of Walter Izard of St. George's Dorchester Parish (listing slaves, livestock, household goods, land holdings, and investments), January 1750


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Like his father Ralph, who immigrated to South Carolina from England in the early 1680s, Walter Izard was a wealthy planter and landowner in the town of Dorchester and played a strong role in the politics of the day. When he was only in his thirties, Walter was one of the largest slave owners in the parish, with a force of ninety-one slaves in 1726. Also like his father, Walter Izard was a staunch Anglican. He was appointed to the commission that created St. George's Dorchester Parish and located the parish church in the center of the village. When Walter Izard died in 1750, he left behind a huge estate which included "two Lotts of land in Dorchester with my Dwelling house & all other Improvements thereon." He willed the lots to his son Ralph. This inventory outlines the extent of Walter Izard's wealth and illustrates the life of one colonial landowner through the listing Izard's slaves, livestock, household goods, plantation holdings, and investments.


Inventory of Walter Izard, 3 January 1750.  Volume B, 375-377.  Secretary of State.  Recorded Instruments. Inventories of Estates, 1736-1774. S213032.  South Carolina Department of Archives and History, Columbia, South Carolina.

Correlating SC Social Studies Academic Standards:

Standard 8-1:  The student will demonstrate an understanding of the settlement of South Carolina and the United States by Native Americans, Europeans, and Africans.

Indicator 8-1.3  Summarize the history of European settlement in Carolina from the first attempts the settle at San Miguel de Gualdape, Charlesfort, San Felipe, and Albemarle Point to the time of South Carolina’s establishment as an economically important British colony, including the diverse origins of the settlers, the early government, the importance of the plantation system and slavery, and the impact of the natural environment on the development of the colony.

Note: Although this document was originally posted as part of a lesson specifically designed to teach the above standard(s), other Social Studies Standards may apply.


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Lessons Using This Document:

"The Trading Post with the Most: Colonial Dorchester's Settlement and Economy

For additional information about the Izard family and Colonial Dorchester, please see the Virtual Tour, which is based off a 1742 map of the town.



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