A Map of the Province of South Carolina by James Cook, 1773

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Document Description:

The first permanent settlement in South Carolina by the English was begun in 1670 along the banks of the Ashley River. While carving a town out of the wilderness, the English settlers were defending themselves from the threats of the Spanish out of St. Augustine, establishing trade and alliances with the natives, and securing a reliable source of food.  Within the first fifty years of settlement, the English settlers spread into the surrounding countryside and began plantations, which were worked by slaves.  By the 1750s the colony of South Carolina was well established and active in Trans-Atlantic trading.  This map illustrates the extent to which South Carolina had developed by 1773.

Citation:

Cook, James.  A Map of the Province of South Carolina with all the Rivers, Creeks, Bays, Inlets, Islands, Inland Navigation, Soundings, Time of High Water on the Sea Coast, Roads, Marches, Ferrys, Bridges, Swamps, Parishes, Churches, Towns, Townships, County Parish Districts, and Provincial Lines, 1773.  South Caroliniana Collection.  The University of South Carolina, S. C. 

Correlating SC Social Studies Academic Standards:

Standard 3-2: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the exploration and settlement of South Carolina and the United States.

Indicator 3-2.3 Use a map to identify the sea and land routes of explorers of South Carolina and compare the geographic features of areas they explored, including the climate and the abundance of forests. (G, H)

Standard 4-2: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the settlement of North America by Native Americans, Europeans, and African Americans and the interactions among these peoples.

Indicator 4-2.7 Explain how conflicts and cooperation among the Native Americans, Europeans, and Africans influenced colonial events including the French and Indian Wars, slave revolts, Native American wars, and trade. (H, G, P, E)

Standard 8-1: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the settlement of South Carolina and the United States by Native Americans, Europeans, and Africans.

Indicator 8-1.3 Summarize the history of European settlement in Carolina from the first attempts to settle at San Miguel de Gualdape, Charlesfort, San Felipe, and Albermarle Point to the time of South Carolina's establishment as an economically important British colony, including the diverse origins of the settlers, the early government, the importance of the plantation system and slavery, and the impact of the natural environment on the development of the colony. (H, G, P, E)

Standard USHC-1: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the settlement of North America.

Indicator USHC-1.1 Summarize the distinct characteristics of each colonial region in the settlement and development of the America, including religious, social, political, and economic differences. (H, E, P, G)

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