Map of the Cherokee Country and the Path Thereto by George Hunter, 1730
George Hunter was a Surveyor General for the South Carolina colony. He was best known for revising Colonel Herbert’s map of the Cherokee country. This was incredibly important so that travelers and settlers would be able to safely navigate through those treacherous areas. Hunter’s Map illustrates the route taken by the Cherokee Nation in traveling to Charleston, South Carolina. He details the distance and time taken to travel. The map is a unique record not only of Native American movement patterns but also of late 18th Century transportation. The map would play an important role when the colony was at war with the Cherokees in trying to navigate around their territories.
Hunter, George. “Map of the Cherokee Country and the Path Thereto, 1730.” South Carolina Department of Archives and History. Columbia, South Carolina.
Standard 3-2: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the exploration and settlement of South Carolina and the United States.
Indicator 3-2.3 Use a map to identify the sea and land routes of explorers of South Carolina and compare the geographic features of areas they explored, including the climate and the abundance of forests. (G, H)
Indicator 3-2.4 Compare the culture, governance, and geographic location of different Native American nations in South Carolina, including the three principal nations—Cherokee, Catawba, and Yemassee—that influenced the development of colonial South Carolina. (H, G, P, E)
Indicator 3-2.5 Summarize the contributions of settlers in South Carolina under the Lords Proprietors and the Royal colonial government, including the English from Barbados and the other groups who made up the diverse European population of early South Carolina. (H, G)
Standard 4-2: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the settlement of North America by Native Americans, Europeans, and African Americans and the interactions among these peoples.
Indicator 4-2.7 Explain how conflicts and cooperation among the Native Americans, Europeans, and Africans influenced colonial events including the French and Indian Wars, slave revolts, Native American wars, and trade. (H, G, P, E)
Standard 8-1: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the settlement of South Carolina and the United States by Native Americans, Europeans, and Africans.
Indicator 8-1.2 Categorize events according to the ways hey improved or worsened relations between Native Americans and European settlers, including alliances and land agreements between the English and the Catawba, Cherokee, and Yemassee; deerskin trading; the Yemassee War; and the Cherokee War. (H, P, E)
Standard USHC-1: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the settlement of North America.
Indicator USHC-1.1 Summarize the distinct characteristics of each colonial region in the settlement and development of the America, including religious, social, political, and economic differences. (H, E, P, G)
Treaty of Dewitt's Corner between the Cherokee Nation and South Carolina, 1777