Article in the Columbia Telescope on the forced migration of the Creek Nation from Alabama to "Indian Territory" in present-day Oklahoma, 6 March 1829


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Document Description:

This article from the Mobile Register, reprinted in the Columbia Telescope, details the emigration of the Creek Nation from eastern Alabama to “Indian Territory” in present-day Oklahoma, as part of the forced migration of Native Americans that occurred in the late 1820s and early 1830s.  Originally the Creek Indians inhabited most of the state of Georgia, but they were slowly pushed into Alabama over the preceding hundred years.  This article, indicating all the supposed benefits of Indian Removal, includes a favorable description of the quality of the land in Oklahoma and the government’s promise to keep this land free from “white encroachment.”


“Emigration of the Creeks.”  Columbia Telescope.  6 March 1829.  Newspapers on microfilm, South Caroliniana Library, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina.

Correlating SC Social Studies Academic Standards:

Standard 4-5: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the westward movement and its impact on the institution of slavery.

Indicator 4-5.4
Explain how territorial expansion and related land policies affected Native Americans, including their resistance to Americans’ taking over the land, breaking treaties, and massacring the Native American people; the Indian Removal Act of 1830; and the Seminole Wars. (H, G, E)

Standard USHC-3: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the westward movement and the resulting regional conflicts that took place in America in the nineteenth century.

Indicator USHC-3.1 Explain the impact and challenges of westward movement, including the major land acquisitions, people’s motivations for moving west, railroad construction, the displacement of Native Americans, and the its impact on the developing American character. (H, G, E)

Additional Flash Versions:

Creek Emigration Article, 1829, section 1. Creek Emigration Article, 1829, section 2.

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