Recreation Improvement Handbook for the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC), 1940

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Document Description:

Beginning in March 1933, the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) operated thirty camps throughout South Carolina, as part of the Works Progress Administration.  Unemployed black and white men between seventeen and twenty-five worked six-month cycles of conservation work, developing national and state forests and parks, soil conservation districts, and forest protective associations.  This handbook, created by the National Park Service for CCC workers, includes plans on how to layout the parks and build everything in the park, including water fountains.  South Carolina’s park system primarily is the work of the CCC, with parks like Lake Greenwood State Recreation Area, Cheraw State Park, and Edisto Beach State Park developed under the program.

Citation:

United States Department of the Interior.  National Park Service.  Recreation Improvement Handbook.  1940.  F 602307.  South Carolina Department of Archives and History, Columbia, South Carolina.

Correlating SC Social Studies Academic Standards:

Standard 3-5: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the major developments in South Carolina in the late nineteenth century and the twentieth century.

Indicator 3-5.5 Explain the effects of the Great Depression and the New Deal on daily life in South Carolina, including the widespread poverty and unemployment and the role of the Civilian Conservation Corps.

Standard 5-4: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the economic boom-and-bust in America in the 1920s and 1930s, its resultant political instability, and the subsequent worldwide response.

Indicator 5-4.3 Explain the immediate and lasting effect on American workers caused by innovations of the New Deal, including the Social Security Act, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, and the Civilian Conservation Corps.

Standard 8-6: The student will demonstrate an understanding of South Carolina’s development during the early twentieth century.

Indicator 8-6.5 Explain the effects of the Great Depression and the lasting impact of New Deal programs on South Carolina, including the Rural Electrification Act, the Civilian Conservation Corps, Works Progress Administration and Public Works Administration building projects, the Social Security Act, and the Santee Cooper electricity project.

Standard USHC-7: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the economic boom-and-bust in America in the 1920s and 1930s, its resultant political instability, and the subsequent worldwide response.

Indicator USHC-7.5 Compare the first and second New Deals as responses to the economic bust of the Great Depression, including the rights of women and minorities in the workplace and the successes, controversies, and failures of recovery and reform measures such as the labor movement.

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CCC Park Layout Plan Drinking Fountain

 

 

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